Cell Biology

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Isolation of GFP-expressing Malarial Hypnozoites by Flow Cytometry Cell Sorting
    Authors:  Annemarie Voorberg-van der Wel, Sam O. Hoffman and Clemens H. M. Kocken, date: 05/05/2021, view: 1589, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract]

    Hypnozoites are dormant liver-stage parasites unique to relapsing malarial species, including the important human pathogen Plasmodium vivax, and pose a barrier to the elimination of malaria. Little is known regarding the biology of these stages, largely due to their inaccessible location. Hypnozoites can be cultured in vitro but these cultures

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    Strategy of Isolating ‘Primed’ Tumor Initiating Cells Based on Mitochondrial Transmembrane Potential
    Authors:  Brian Spurlock, Vidya Sagar Hanumanthu and Kasturi Mitra, date: 03/05/2021, view: 2665, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract]

    Various stem cells have been found to be dependent on mitochondrial energetics. The role of mitochondria in regulating the self-renewal of normal stem cells and stem-like tumor initiating cells (TICs) is increasingly being appreciated. We proposed that TIC populations have a sub population of cells that are “primed” by mitochondria for

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    Dissecting the Rat Mammary Gland: Isolation, Characterization, and Culture of Purified Mammary Epithelial Cells and Fibroblasts
    [Abstract]

    With the advent of CRISPR-Cas and the ability to easily modify the genome of diverse organisms, rat models are being increasingly developed to interrogate the genetic events underlying mammary development and tumorigenesis. Protocols for the isolation and characterization of mammary epithelial cell subpopulations have been thoroughly developed for

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    Probe-Seq: Method for RNA Sequencing of Specific Cell Types from Animal Tissue
    [Abstract] Most organs and tissues are composed of many types of cells. To characterize cellular state, various transcription profiling approaches are currently available, including whole-tissue bulk RNA sequencing, single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq), and cell type-specific RNA sequencing. What is missing in this repertoire is a simple, versatile method ...
    Isolation and High Throughput Flow Cytometric Apoptosis Assay of Human Neutrophils to Enable Compound Library Screening
    Authors:  K. D. Herman, A. Rahman and L. R. Prince, date: 06/05/2020, view: 2342, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The study of human neutrophils in vitro is challenging due to their short half-life and propensity for activation. However, with careful handling and manipulation in the laboratory, they can be a powerful tool to investigate immune responses in health and disease. Here we describe a method for the isolation of human neutrophils from ...
    Preparation of Single Epithelial Cells Suspension from Mouse Mammary Glands
    Authors:  Heng Sun, Xiaoling Xu and Chuxia Deng, date: 02/20/2020, view: 2525, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Single cell RNA sequencing is a very powerful means for cellular heterogeneous studies and so becoming wildly utilized nowadays. To guarantee the success of such analysis, it is very important, though sometimes difficult, to obtain single cells suspension with high quality, especially from the primary solid organs like mammary glands. Digestion of ...
    Quantifying HIV-1-Mediated Gut CD4+ T Cell Death in the Lamina Propria Aggregate Culture (LPAC) Model
    Authors:  Stephanie M. Dillon, Kejun Guo, Moriah J. Castleman, Mario L. Santiago and Cara C. Wilson, date: 01/20/2020, view: 2190, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Gut CD4 T cells are major targets of HIV-1 and are massively depleted early during infection. To better understand the mechanisms governing HIV-1-mediated CD4 T cell death, we developed the physiologically-relevant Lamina Propria Aggregate Culture (LPAC) model. The LPAC model is ideal for studying CD4 T cell death induced by clinically-relevant ...
    Platelet Isolation and Activation Assays
    Authors:  Laura C. Burzynski, Nicholas Pugh and Murray C.H. Clarke, date: 10/20/2019, view: 5905, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Platelets regulate hemostasis and are the key determinants of pathogenic thrombosis following atherosclerotic plaque rupture. Platelets circulate in an inactive state, but become activated in response to damage to the endothelium, which exposes thrombogenic material such as collagen to the blood flow. Activation results in a number of responses, ...
    Isolation and Long-term Cultivation of Mouse Alveolar Macrophages
    [Abstract] Alveolar macrophages (AM) are tissue-resident macrophages that colonize the lung around birth and can self-maintain long-term in an adult organism without contribution of monocytes. AM are located in the pulmonary alveoli and can be harvested by washing the lungs using the method of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). Here, we compared different ...
    In vitro Infection of Primary Human Monocytes with HIV-1
    Authors:  Patrick O’Connell, Yong-Hui Zheng, Andrea Amalfitano and Yasser A. Aldhamen, date: 07/05/2019, view: 3391, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Monocyte infection by HIV-1 is an important component of chronic HIV pathogenesis. Following infection by HIV-1, monocytes are able to cross the blood brain barrier and set up a viral reservoir in the central nervous system. Additionally, in the setting of chronic HIV-1 infection, monocytes can become activated either directly through HIV-1 ...



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