Microbiology

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Determination of Antibacterial Activity of Film Coatings against Four Clinically Relevant Bacterial Strains
    [Abstract]

    Antibacterial coatings have currently gained great importance in biomedical technology investigations. Because of the spatial arrangement of the film coatings, evaluation of antibacterial activity presents a new challenge regarding traditional bacterial counting methods. In this protocol, four clinically relevant pathogens, Salmonella typhimurium,

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    Antimicrobial Sensitivity Assay for Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus
    Authors:  Emanuele Marine and Klaas M. Pos, date: 12/20/2020, view: 672, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract]

    Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus, an obligate predatory bacterium [i.e., bacteria that kill and feed on other bacteria (prey)], has the potential to be used as a probiotic for the disinfection of surfaces or for the treatment of bacterial infections. One option is to use this organism in combination with antimicrobials to potentiate the effectiveness of

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    Rapid Isolation and Purification of Secreted Bacteriocins from Streptococcus mutans and Other Lactic Acid Bacteria
    Authors:  Marcus Cheng, Siew-Ging Gong and Céline M. Lévesque, date: 11/20/2020, view: 1089, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Bacteriocins are small ribosomally synthesized antimicrobial peptides produced by some microorganisms including lactic acid bacteria (LAB), a group of Gram-positive bacteria (cocci, rods) expressing high tolerance for low pH. Bacteriocins kill bacteria rapidly and are biologically active at very low concentrations. Bacteriocins produced by LAB ...
    Construction and Validation of A Low-cost, Small-scale, Multiplex Continuous Culturing System for Microorganisms
    Authors:  Lilit Tonoyan, Freddy Guihéneuf, Ruari Friel and Vincent O’Flaherty, date: 11/05/2020, view: 731, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract]

    This protocol details the construction of a simple, low-cost, small-scale, multiplex chemostat system designed for the continuous cultivation of microorganisms in suspension (i.e., bacteria, yeast, microalgae). The continuous culture device can operate at a working volume of 25 ml and allows the run of 8 chemostats in parallel by a single person.

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    Contemporaneous Measurement of Outer and Inner Membrane Permeability in Gram-negative Bacteria
    Authors:  Bo Ma, Chao Fang, Jing Zhang, Mingzhi Wang, Xiaoxing Luo and Zheng Hou, date: 03/05/2020, view: 1735, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The emergence and rapid spread of multidrug resistance in bacteria have led to the urgent need for novel antibacterial agents. Membrane permeabilization is the mechanism for many antibacterial molecules that are being developed against gram-negative bacteria. Thus, to determine the efficacy of a potential antibacterial molecule, it is important to ...
    Rapid Detection of Proliferative Bacteria by Electrical Stimulation
    Authors:  Conor LA Edwards, Dmitry Malyshev, James P Stratford and Munehiro Asally, date: 02/05/2020, view: 2531, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Detecting live bacteria is an important task for antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) in the medical sector and for quality-monitoring in biological industries. Current methods for live-bacteria detection suffer limitations in speed or sensitivity. In a recent paper, we reported that electrical response dynamics in membrane potential enable ...
    Assessing Membrane Fluidity and Visualizing Fluid Membrane Domains in Bacteria Using Fluorescent Membrane Dyes
    Authors:  Michaela Wenzel, Norbert O. E. Vischer, Henrik Strahl and Leendert W. Hamoen, date: 10/20/2018, view: 5736, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Membrane fluidity is a key parameter of bacterial membranes that undergoes quick adaptation in response to environmental challenges and has recently emerged as an important factor in the antibacterial mechanism of membrane-targeting antibiotics. The specific level of membrane fluidity is not uniform across the bacterial cell membrane. Rather, ...
    Bacterial Aggregation Assay in the Presence of Cyclic Lipopeptides
    Authors:  Pengyuan Xiu, Rui Liu, Dechao Zhang and Chaomin Sun, date: 01/05/2018, view: 5559, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Lipopeptides is an important class of biosurfactants having antimicrobial and anti-adhesive activity against pathogenic bacteria. These include surfactin, fengycin, iturin, bacillomycin, mycosubtilin, lichenysin, and pumilacidin (Arima et al., 1968; Naruse et al., 1990; Yakimov et al., 1995; Steller and Vater, 2000; ...
    Antibiotic Disc Assay for Synechocystis sp. PCC6803
    Authors:  Otilia Cheregi and Christiane Funk, date: 12/20/2016, view: 7640, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] This protocol describes how to investigate the integrity of the outer cell wall in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 using antibiotics. It is adapted to the agar diffusion test (Bauer et al., 1966), in which filter paper discs impregnated with specified concentrations of antibiotics were placed on agar plates ...
    Single Cell Flow Cytometry Assay for Peptide Uptake by Bacteria
    [Abstract] Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) can target the bacterial envelope or alternatively have intracellular targets. The latter requires uptake of the peptide by the bacterial cells. The bacterial internalization of an AMP can be evaluated by a fluorescence-based method that couples the use of the fluorescently labelled AMP to the fluorescence quencher ...



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