Immunology

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Using the Cecal Ligation and Puncture Model of Sepsis to Induce Rats to Multiple Organ Dysfunction
    [Abstract]

    Sepsis is a dysregulated hyperinflammatory disease caused by infection. Sepsis leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), which is associated with high rates of mortality. The cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model has been widely used in animals and has become the gold-standard method of replicating features of sepsis in humans.

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    Wounding Caenorhabditis elegans with Glass Wool
    [Abstract]

    Research on wound healing majorly relies on rat, mice and other animal models. However, an alternative animal model ought to be brought in the field, pertaining to the stringent ethical issues owing to the use of animals in research. In this regard, Caenorhabdits elegans, a miniature model nematode gains the great attention of the researchers in

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    Preparation of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis Larvae for the Study of Host Skin Response
    Authors:  Tiffany Bouchery, Gillian Coakley and Nicola L. Harris, date: 12/20/2020, view: 610, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract]

    Hookworms are skin penetrating parasites, however in the laboratory the hookworm model Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, the parasite is traditionally administered subcutaneously bypassing the skin (epidermis and dermis). Here, we describe two complementary approaches for infecting mice with N. brasiliensis in order to study the skin immune responses.

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    Pea Aphid Rearing, Bacterial Infection and Hemocyte Phagocytosis Assay
    Authors:  Li Ma, Lu Liu and Zhiqiang Lu, date: 12/20/2020, view: 718, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract]

    Insects rely on the simple but effective innate immune system to combat infection. Cellular and humoral responses are interconnected and synergistic in insects’ innate immune system. Phagocytosis is one major cellular response. It is difficult to collect clean hemolymph from the small insect like pea aphid. Here, we provide a practicable

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    Maternal Immune Activation with the Viral Mimetic Poly:IC in Pregnant Rats
    Authors:  Thaisa Meira Sandini, Quentin Greba, Brittney Rose Lins and John George Howland, date: 11/20/2020, view: 873, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract]

    Maternal immune activation (MIA) is increasingly well appreciated as an environmental risk factor for some psychiatric disorders. Administration of proinflammatory compounds such as the synthetic double-stranded RNA molecule polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (polyI:C) to pregnant rodents results in the release of proinflammatory cytokines in the

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    Surgical Induction of Endometriosis in Female Mice
    Authors:  Alejandra Escudero-Lara, David Cabañero and Rafael Maldonado, date: 09/20/2020, view: 1022, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. It is frequently associated with pain, infertility and a reduced quality of life, and it lacks adequate treatment. Several rodent models of endometriosis have been developed through heterologous and homologous ...
    Immunohistochemistry of Kidney a-SMA, Collagen 1, and Collagen 3, in A Novel Mouse Model of Reno-cardiac Syndrome
    [Abstract] Cardiorenal syndrome defines a synergistic pathology of the heart and kidneys where failure of one organ causes failure in the other. The incidence of cardiovascular mortality caused by this syndrome, is 20 fold higher in the end stage renal disease (ESRD) population compared to the population as a whole thus necessitating the need for improved ...
    Real-time in vivo Imaging of LPS-induced Local Inflammation and Drug Deposition in NF-κB Reporter Mice
    Authors:  Artur Schmidtchen and Manoj Puthia, date: 08/20/2020, view: 1785, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Wound, biomaterial, and surgical infections are all characterized by a localized and excessive inflammation, motivating the development of in vivo methods focused on the analysis of local immune events. However, current inflammation models, such as the commonly used in vivo models of endotoxin-induced inflammation are based on ...
    Isolation and Quantification of Extracellular DNA from Biofluids
    Authors:  Ľubica Janovičová, Barbora Konečná, Barbora Vlková and Peter Celec, date: 08/20/2020, view: 1378, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Extracellular DNA is studied as a diagnostic biomarker, but also as a factor involved in the pathophysiology of several diseases due to its pro-inflammatory properties. Extracellular DNA can be extracted from plasma, urine, saliva or other biofluids using standard DNA isolation procedures and specialized commercial kits. Sample preparation for ...
    RNA Extraction from Ears and Draining Lymph Nodes of Mice Infected with Leishmania amazonensis
    Authors:  Emilie Giraud and Evie Melanitou, date: 06/05/2020, view: 1766, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Parasites of the genus Leishmania infect the mammalian hosts, including mice and humans and cause cutaneous or visceral leishmaniasis depending upon the parasite species transmitted by the vector sandfly. Leishmania amazonensis is one of the Leishmania species responsible for the cutaneous form of the disease. We have ...



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