Plant Science


    Optimize Highly Efficient Genetic Transformation Method of Spring Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars Using Mature Embryo
    Authors:  Dongjin Kim and Megan Hager, date: 11/20/2020, view: 141, Q&A: 0
    Genetic engineering is a powerful tool to develop desired traits in crop plants to make the crops suitable for future demand and changing environments. For the genetic engineering of wheat cultivars, the development of efficient transformation and ...
    Preparing Immunolocalization Slides of Maize Meiotic Chromosomes for Three-dimensional Microscopy
    Authors:  Qian Du and Wojciech P. Pawlowski, date: 07/20/2020, view: 476, Q&A: 0
    The protocol provides fully detailed steps for preparing microscopic slides of acrylamide-embedded maize meiotic cells. This method is particularly useful for examining chromatin structure and chromosome arrangement without destroying the ...
    Toluidine Blue O Staining of Paraffin-Sectioned Maize Tissue
    Authors:  Josh Strable, Jeffrey R. Yen, Michael J. Scanlon and Anne W. Sylvester, date: 05/05/2020, view: 985, Q&A: 0
    Histology incorporates microtechnique, the preparation of living material for observation and microscopy to study the anatomy of cells, tissues and organs. Interpreting histological patterns in a specimen may help to correlate form and function at ...
    Chiasma Counting in Maize Male Meiocytes
    Authors:  Gaganpreet K. Sidhu and Wojciech P. Pawlowski, date: 05/05/2020, view: 996, Q&A: 0
    This protocol combines a classical chromosome spreading technique with 3-dimensional image reconstruction for visualization of bivalent configurations during meiosis to aid chiasma counting.
    Immunolabeling of Maize Meiocytes
    Authors:  Mateusz Zelkowski and Wojciech P. Pawlowski, date: 04/05/2020, view: 1124, Q&A: 0
    This protocol describes a quick method for immunolocalization of meiotic proteins in maize. It includes a fixation step that allows for long-term storage of material and provides good preservation of chromatin structure.
    Double Labeling of Microtubules and Actin Filaments in Maize Leaf Division Zone
    Authors:  Qiong Nan, Janette Mendoza and Michelle Renee Facette, date: 06/20/2019, view: 2080, Q&A: 1
    Maize leaves grow in a gradient. The base of young maize leaves contains a high proportion of symmetrically and asymmetrically dividing cells, making the leaf an effective model system for the study of cell division. Here, we describe a double ...
    Staining Maize Epidermal Leaf Peels with Toluidine Blue O
    Authors:  Marschal A. Bellinger, Sukhmani K. Sidhu and Carolyn G. Rasmussen, date: 04/20/2019, view: 4407, Q&A: 0
    Maize is an important model organism for understanding cell patterning and development. The regular patterning of maize leaf epidermal cells has previously been characterized using the dye toluidine blue O (TBO). The polychromatic dye TBO ...
    Glue Impressions of Maize Leaves and Their Use in Classifying Mutants
    Authors:  Lindy A. Allsman, Raquel N. Dieffenbacher and Carolyn G. Rasmussen, date: 04/05/2019, view: 2439, Q&A: 0
    Maize cells are surrounded by cell walls that can be easily visualized using a simple protocol outlined below. A glue impression is an imprint of maize epidermal cells on a glass slide made using a cyanoacrylate-based glue (super glue) that produces ...
    Mating and Tetrad Dissection in Chlamydomonas
    Author:  Frej Tulin, date: 04/05/2019, view: 2589, Q&A: 0
    The ability to carry out controlled genetic crosses has contributed to making the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii an important model organism for the green plant kingdom (Merchant et al., 2007). This protocol ...
    Microscopic Observation of Subcellular GFP-tagged Protein Localization in Rice Anthers
    Authors:  Seijiro Ono and Ken-Ichi Nonomura, date: 08/05/2018, view: 2991, Q&A: 0
    This protocol demonstrates a simple method to determine the subcellular localization of fluorescence-tagged proteins on the vibratome sections of rice developing anthers. If a cell type-specific promoter is used to drive the tagged protein-encoding ...

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