Search

Mammalia

Categories

    Protocols in Current Issue
    Extraction of DNA from Murine Fecal Pellets for Downstream Phylogenetic Microbiota Analysis by Next-generation Sequencing
    Authors:  Elien Eeckhout and Andy Wullaert, date: 02/05/2018, view: 90, Q&A: 0
    Mouse models are widely used to evaluate the potential impact of the gut microbial composition on health and disease. Standardized protocols for sampling and storing murine feces, as well as for extracting DNA from these fecal pellets are needed to ...
    Extraction and Analysis of Pan-metabolome Polar Metabolites by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography–Tandem Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS)
    Authors:  Dania M. Malik, Seth Rhoades and Aalim Weljie, date: 02/05/2018, view: 81, Q&A: 0
    Modern triple quadrupole mass spectrometers provide the ability to detect and quantify a large number of metabolites using tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Liquid chromatography (LC) is advantageous, as it does not require derivatization procedures ...
    Immunoprecipitation of Tri-methylated Capped RNA
    Authors:  Karen E. Hayes, Jamie A. Barr, Mingyi Xie, Joan A. Steitz and Ivan Martinez, date: 02/05/2018, view: 138, Q&A: 0
    Cellular quiescence (also known as G0 arrest) is characterized by reduced DNA replication, increased autophagy, and increased expression of cyclin-dependent kinase p27Kip1. Quiescence is essential for wound healing, organ ...
    Culture and Nucleofection of Postnatal Day 7 Cortical and Cerebellar Mouse Astroglial Cells
    Authors:  Malek Chouchane and Marcos Romualdo Costa, date: 02/05/2018, view: 159, Q&A: 0
    Lineage reprogramming of astroglial cells isolated from different brain regions leads to the generation of different neuronal subtypes. This protocol describes the isolation and culture of neocortical and cerebellar astrocytes from postnatal mice. ...
    Immunofluorescence Analysis of Human Endocervical Tissue Explants Infected with Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    Authors:  Liang-Chun Wang, Qian Yu, Daniel C. Stein and Wenxia Song, date: 02/05/2018, view: 107, Q&A: 0
    Colonization and penetration of the epithelium is the infection-initiating route of mucosal pathogens. The epithelium counteracts infection by eliciting host cell responses while maintaining the mucosal barrier function. The obligate human sexually ...
    Quantification of Neisseria meningitidis Adherence to Human Epithelial Cells by Colony Counting
    To cause an infection, the human specific pathogen Neisseria meningitides must first colonize the nasopharynx. Upon tight interaction with the mucosal epithelium, N. meningitidis may cross the epithelial cellular barrier, reach the ...
    Ex vivo Analysis of Lipolysis in Human Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Explants
    Authors:  Pauline Decaunes, Anne Bouloumié, Mikael Ryden and Jean Galitzky, date: 02/05/2018, view: 80, Q&A: 0
    Most studies of human adipose tissue (AT) metabolism and functionality have been performed in vitro on isolated mature adipocyte or in situ using the microdialysis technique (Lafontan, 2012). However, these approaches have several ...
    Tracking Endocytosis and Intracellular Trafficking of Epitope-tagged Syntaxin 3 by Antibody Feeding in Live, Polarized MDCK Cells
    The uptake and trafficking of cell surface receptors can be monitored by a technique called ‘antibody-feeding’ which uses an externally applied antibody to label the receptor on the surface of cultured, live cells. Here, we adapt the traditional ...
    Precision Tagging: A Novel Seamless Protein Tagging by Combinational Use of Type II and Type IIS Restriction Endonucleases
    Authors:  Zhen Xu, Yan-Ning Rui, John P. Hagan and Dong H. Kim, date: 02/05/2018, view: 122, Q&A: 0
    Protein tagging is a powerful tool for performing comprehensive analyses of the biological functions of a protein of interest owing to the existence of a wide variety of tags. It becomes indispensable in some cases, such as in tracking protein ...
    Extraction of DNA from Murine Fecal Pellets for Downstream Phylogenetic Microbiota Analysis by Next-generation Sequencing
    Authors:  Elien Eeckhout and Andy Wullaert, date: 02/05/2018, view: 90, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Mouse models are widely used to evaluate the potential impact of the gut microbial composition on health and disease. Standardized protocols for sampling and storing murine feces, as well as for extracting DNA from these fecal pellets are needed to limit experimental variation between different studies. Both efficient lysis of the microbiota and ...
    Extraction and Analysis of Pan-metabolome Polar Metabolites by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography–Tandem Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS)
    Authors:  Dania M. Malik, Seth Rhoades and Aalim Weljie, date: 02/05/2018, view: 81, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Modern triple quadrupole mass spectrometers provide the ability to detect and quantify a large number of metabolites using tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Liquid chromatography (LC) is advantageous, as it does not require derivatization procedures and a large diversity in physiochemical characteristics of analytes can be accommodated through a ...
    Immunoprecipitation of Tri-methylated Capped RNA
    Authors:  Karen E. Hayes, Jamie A. Barr, Mingyi Xie, Joan A. Steitz and Ivan Martinez, date: 02/05/2018, view: 138, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Cellular quiescence (also known as G0 arrest) is characterized by reduced DNA replication, increased autophagy, and increased expression of cyclin-dependent kinase p27Kip1. Quiescence is essential for wound healing, organ regeneration, and preventing neoplasia. Previous findings indicate that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an ...
    Culture and Nucleofection of Postnatal Day 7 Cortical and Cerebellar Mouse Astroglial Cells
    Authors:  Malek Chouchane and Marcos Romualdo Costa, date: 02/05/2018, view: 159, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Lineage reprogramming of astroglial cells isolated from different brain regions leads to the generation of different neuronal subtypes. This protocol describes the isolation and culture of neocortical and cerebellar astrocytes from postnatal mice. We also present a comprehensive description of the main steps towards successful gene delivery in ...
    Immunofluorescence Analysis of Human Endocervical Tissue Explants Infected with Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    Authors:  Liang-Chun Wang, Qian Yu, Daniel C. Stein and Wenxia Song, date: 02/05/2018, view: 107, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Colonization and penetration of the epithelium is the infection-initiating route of mucosal pathogens. The epithelium counteracts infection by eliciting host cell responses while maintaining the mucosal barrier function. The obligate human sexually transmitted bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, or gonococcus (GC) infects the female ...
    Quantification of Neisseria meningitidis Adherence to Human Epithelial Cells by Colony Counting
    [Abstract] To cause an infection, the human specific pathogen Neisseria meningitides must first colonize the nasopharynx. Upon tight interaction with the mucosal epithelium, N. meningitidis may cross the epithelial cellular barrier, reach the bloodstream and cause sepsis and/or meningitis. Since N. meningitidis niche is restricted ...
    Ex vivo Analysis of Lipolysis in Human Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Explants
    Authors:  Pauline Decaunes, Anne Bouloumié, Mikael Ryden and Jean Galitzky, date: 02/05/2018, view: 80, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Most studies of human adipose tissue (AT) metabolism and functionality have been performed in vitro on isolated mature adipocyte or in situ using the microdialysis technique (Lafontan, 2012). However, these approaches have several limitations. The use of mature isolated adipocytes is limiting as adipocytes are not in their ...
    Tracking Endocytosis and Intracellular Trafficking of Epitope-tagged Syntaxin 3 by Antibody Feeding in Live, Polarized MDCK Cells
    [Abstract] The uptake and trafficking of cell surface receptors can be monitored by a technique called ‘antibody-feeding’ which uses an externally applied antibody to label the receptor on the surface of cultured, live cells. Here, we adapt the traditional antibody-feeding experiment to polarized epithelial cells (Madin-Darby Canine Kidney) grown on ...
    Precision Tagging: A Novel Seamless Protein Tagging by Combinational Use of Type II and Type IIS Restriction Endonucleases
    Authors:  Zhen Xu, Yan-Ning Rui, John P. Hagan and Dong H. Kim, date: 02/05/2018, view: 122, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Protein tagging is a powerful tool for performing comprehensive analyses of the biological functions of a protein of interest owing to the existence of a wide variety of tags. It becomes indispensable in some cases, such as in tracking protein dynamics in a live cell or adding a peptide epitope due to the lack of optimal antibodies. However, ...
    Generation of Chemically Induced Liver Progenitors (CLiPs) from Rat Adult Hepatocytes
    Authors:  Takeshi Katsuda, Kazunori Hosaka and Takahiro Ochiya, date: 01/20/2018, view: 330, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Primary mature hepatocytes (MHs) or their progenitor cells are candidate cell sources for cell transplantation therapy in severe liver diseases. However, stable culture of these cells or generation of equivalent cells from pluripotent stem cells has been limited. Using a cocktail of small molecules that we previously found useful in stable culture ...