Mammalia

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Adoptive Transfer of Monocytes Sorted from Bone Marrow
    Authors:  Damya Laoui, Eva Van Overmeire, Chloé Abels, Jiri Keirsse and Jo A Van Ginderachter, date: 01/05/2019, view: 243, Q&A: 0
    Inflammatory Ly6Chi monocytes can give rise to distinct mononuclear myeloid cells in the tumor microenvironment, such as monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (Mo-MDSC), immature macrophages, M2-like tumor-associated macrophages ...
    Detection of Ligand-binding to Membrane Proteins by Capacitance Measurements
    Authors:  Verena Burtscher, Matej Hotka and Walter Sandtner, date: 01/05/2019, view: 180, Q&A: 0
    In multi-cellular organisms, cells communicate with each other utilizing chemical messengers. For many of these messenger molecules, the membrane is an insurmountable barrier. Yet, they act by binding to surface proteins often triggering a cascade ...
    Quantification of Mouse Hematopoietic Progenitors’ Formation Using Time-lapse Microscopy and Image Analysis
    In vitro differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) towards blood cells constitutes a well-established system to study the endothelial-to-hematopoietic transition (EHT) at the onset of blood development. Assessing the emergence ...
    In vitro Generation of CRISPR-Cas9 Complexes with Covalently Bound Repair Templates for Genome Editing in Mammalian Cells
    The CRISPR-Cas9 system is a powerful genome-editing tool that promises application for gene editing therapies. The Cas9 nuclease is directed to the DNA by a programmable single guide (sg)RNA, and introduces a site-specific double-stranded break ...
    Cartilage Induction from Mouse Mesenchymal Stem Cells in High-density Micromass Culture
    Mesenchymal stem cells have the ability to differentiate into multiple lineages, including adipocytes, osteoblasts and chondrocytes. Mesenchymal stem cells can be induced to differentiate into chondrocytes in extracellular matrices, such as alginate ...
    Evaluation of Anticancer activity of Silver Nanoparticles on the A549 Human Lung Carcinoma Cell Lines through Alamar Blue Assay
    Authors:  Nikita Sharma, Geeta Arya, R. Mankamna Kumari, Nidhi Gupta and Surendra Nimesh, date: 01/05/2019, view: 218, Q&A: 0
    Silver nanoparticles have been widely studied to possess antimicrobial as well as anticancer activity, and have found its applications in various fields including pharmaceutical industry, diagnostics, drug delivery, food industry, and others. For ...
    Analysis of the Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Using the Cationic JC-1 Dye as a Sensitive Fluorescent Probe
    Authors:  Farzane Sivandzade, Aditya Bhalerao and Luca Cucullo, date: 01/05/2019, view: 169, Q&A: 0
    In recent years, fluorescent dyes have been frequently used for monitoring mitochondrial membrane potential to evaluate mitochondrial viability and function. However, the reproducibility of the results across laboratories strongly depends upon ...
    Adoptive Transfer of Monocytes Sorted from Bone Marrow
    Authors:  Damya Laoui, Eva Van Overmeire, Chloé Abels, Jiri Keirsse and Jo A Van Ginderachter, date: 01/05/2019, view: 243, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Inflammatory Ly6Chi monocytes can give rise to distinct mononuclear myeloid cells in the tumor microenvironment, such as monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (Mo-MDSC), immature macrophages, M2-like tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), M1-like TAMs or monocyte-derived dendritic cells (Mo-DCs). This protocol describes a method to ...
    Detection of Ligand-binding to Membrane Proteins by Capacitance Measurements
    Authors:  Verena Burtscher, Matej Hotka and Walter Sandtner, date: 01/05/2019, view: 180, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] In multi-cellular organisms, cells communicate with each other utilizing chemical messengers. For many of these messenger molecules, the membrane is an insurmountable barrier. Yet, they act by binding to surface proteins often triggering a cascade of reactions inside the cell. Accordingly, studying ligand-receptor interactions at the cellular ...
    Quantification of Mouse Hematopoietic Progenitors’ Formation Using Time-lapse Microscopy and Image Analysis
    [Abstract] In vitro differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) towards blood cells constitutes a well-established system to study the endothelial-to-hematopoietic transition (EHT) at the onset of blood development. Assessing the emergence of small non-adherent round blood cells in the culture without disturbing it is essential to evaluate ...
    In vitro Generation of CRISPR-Cas9 Complexes with Covalently Bound Repair Templates for Genome Editing in Mammalian Cells
    [Abstract] The CRISPR-Cas9 system is a powerful genome-editing tool that promises application for gene editing therapies. The Cas9 nuclease is directed to the DNA by a programmable single guide (sg)RNA, and introduces a site-specific double-stranded break (DSB). In mammalian cells, DSBs are either repaired by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), generating ...
    Cartilage Induction from Mouse Mesenchymal Stem Cells in High-density Micromass Culture
    [Abstract] Mesenchymal stem cells have the ability to differentiate into multiple lineages, including adipocytes, osteoblasts and chondrocytes. Mesenchymal stem cells can be induced to differentiate into chondrocytes in extracellular matrices, such as alginate or collagen gel. Mesenchymal stem cells in a cell pellet or micromass culture can be also induced ...
    Evaluation of Anticancer activity of Silver Nanoparticles on the A549 Human Lung Carcinoma Cell Lines through Alamar Blue Assay
    Authors:  Nikita Sharma, Geeta Arya, R. Mankamna Kumari, Nidhi Gupta and Surendra Nimesh, date: 01/05/2019, view: 218, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Silver nanoparticles have been widely studied to possess antimicrobial as well as anticancer activity, and have found its applications in various fields including pharmaceutical industry, diagnostics, drug delivery, food industry, and others. For this purpose, several cell proliferation assays are widely used for the evaluation of anticancer ...
    Analysis of the Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Using the Cationic JC-1 Dye as a Sensitive Fluorescent Probe
    Authors:  Farzane Sivandzade, Aditya Bhalerao and Luca Cucullo, date: 01/05/2019, view: 169, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] In recent years, fluorescent dyes have been frequently used for monitoring mitochondrial membrane potential to evaluate mitochondrial viability and function. However, the reproducibility of the results across laboratories strongly depends upon following well validated and reliable protocols along with the appropriate controls. Herein, we provide a ...
    Three-chamber Social Approach Task with Optogenetic Stimulation (Mice)
    Authors:  Celeste Leung, Jun Chul Kim and Zhengping Jia, date: 12/20/2018, view: 193, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The formation of social relationships via social interactions and memory are essential for one’s physical and mental health. To date, rodent studies have used the three-chamber social approach test to measure social approach, social novelty, and social memory. In recent years, techniques including optogenetics have been developed to acutely ...
    Monitoring Natural Killer Cell Function in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells of Ascitic Fluid
    Authors:  Vikash Kumar and Asok Mukhopadhyay, date: 12/20/2018, view: 207, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Natural killer (NK) cells are the major effectors of the innate immune system when activated resulting in modulation of immune response of the host defense through target cell lysis and secretion of cytokines. Precise functions of NK cells are essential for the treatment outcome of different virus infections and malignant diseases. NK cells impart ...
    Partial Transection of Adult Rat Optic Nerve as a Model of Secondary Degeneration in the Central Nervous System
    Authors:  Carole A Bartlett and Melinda Fitzgerald, date: 12/20/2018, view: 246, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Injury to the central nervous system is characterized by damage that spreads from the initial point of impact into the surrounding adjacent tissue, in a phenomenon referred to as secondary degeneration. The optic nerve can be used to effectively model injury and secondary degeneration to white matter tracts. Partial transection of the dorsal ...



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