Mammalia

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Isolation of Pure Mitochondria from Rat Kidneys and Western Blot of Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain Complexes
    Cardiac, neuronal and renal tubular epithelial cells are the most metabolically active cells in the body. Their fate depends largely on their mitochondria as the primary energy generating system which participates in the control of apoptosis, cell ...
    Isolation and Transcriptomic Profiling of Single Myofibers from Mice
    Skeletal muscle is composed of different cells and myofiber types, with distinct metabolic and structural features. Generally, transcriptomic analysis of skeletal muscle is performed using whole muscle, resulting in average information as all cells ...
    Antisense Oligodeoxynucleotide Perfusion Blocks Gene Expression of Synaptic Plasticity-related Proteins without Inducing Compensation in Hippocampal Slices
    The elucidation of the molecular mechanisms of long-term synaptic plasticity has been hindered by both the compensation that can occur after chronic loss of the core plasticity molecules and by ex vivo conditions that may not reproduce in ...
    ATAC-seq on Sorted Adult Mouse Neurons
    Authors:  Erin A. Clark, Yasuyuki Shima and Sacha Nelson, date: 10/05/2019, view: 164, Q&A: 0
    Transcription regulation is a key aspect of cellular identity established during development and maintained into adulthood. Molecular and biochemical assays that probe the genome are critical tools in exploring mechanisms of transcription regulation ...
    3D Organoid Formation from the Murine Salivary Gland Cell Line SIMS
    Authors:  Harleen K. Athwal and Isabelle M. A. Lombaert, date: 10/05/2019, view: 133, Q&A: 0
    Salivary glands consist of multiple phenotypically and functionally unique cell populations, such as the acinar, ductal, and myoepithelial cells that help produce, modify, and secrete saliva (Lombaert et al., 2011). Identification of ...
    An Operant Conditioning Task to Assess the Choice between Wheel Running and Palatable Food in Mice
    Authors:  Bastien Redon, Imane Hurel, Giovanni Marsicano and Francis Chaouloff, date: 10/05/2019, view: 194, Q&A: 0
    Wheel running, especially in the homecage, has been widely used to study the neurobiology of exercise because animal tends to use it voluntarily. However, as for each reward, its consumption (in the present case, running performance) does not ...
    Reconstituting Breast Tissue with Organotypic Three-dimensional Co-culture of Epithelial and Stromal Cells in Discontinuous Extracellular Matrices
    Authors:  Gang Ren, Vandana Sharma, Joshua Letson, Yashna Walia, Veani Fernando and Saori Furuta, date: 10/05/2019, view: 180, Q&A: 0
    Co-culture systems utilizing reconstituted or synthetic extracellular matrix (ECM) and micropatterning techniques have enabled the reconstruction of surface epithelial tissues. This technique has been utilized in the regeneration, disease modeling ...
    Imaging the Vasculature of Immunodeficient Mice Using Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose Labeled Human Erythrocytes
    Authors:  Shaowei Wang and Jung W. Choi, date: 10/05/2019, view: 99, Q&A: 0
    Nuclear blood pool imaging using radiolabeled red blood cells has been used in the clinical setting for the evaluation of a number of medical conditions including gastrointestinal hemorrhage, impaired cardiac contractility, and altered ...
    A Novel Protocol to Generate Decellularized Bovine Spinal Cord Extracellular Matrix-based Scaffolds (3D-dCBS)
    Authors:  Yavuz E. Arslan, Burcu Efe and Tugba Sezgin Arslan, date: 10/05/2019, view: 132, Q&A: 0
    Extracellular matrix (ECM)-based tissue engineering scaffolds have an essential role in promoting tissue regeneration. Nerve tissue engineering aims at facilitating the repair of permanent damage to the peripheral and central nervous systems, which ...
    Isolation of Pure Mitochondria from Rat Kidneys and Western Blot of Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain Complexes
    [Abstract] Cardiac, neuronal and renal tubular epithelial cells are the most metabolically active cells in the body. Their fate depends largely on their mitochondria as the primary energy generating system which participates in the control of apoptosis, cell cycle and metabolism. Thus, mitochondrial dysfunction is a hallmark of many chronic diseases ...
    Isolation and Transcriptomic Profiling of Single Myofibers from Mice
    [Abstract] Skeletal muscle is composed of different cells and myofiber types, with distinct metabolic and structural features. Generally, transcriptomic analysis of skeletal muscle is performed using whole muscle, resulting in average information as all cells composing the organ contribute to the expression value detected for each gene with the loss of ...
    Antisense Oligodeoxynucleotide Perfusion Blocks Gene Expression of Synaptic Plasticity-related Proteins without Inducing Compensation in Hippocampal Slices
    [Abstract] The elucidation of the molecular mechanisms of long-term synaptic plasticity has been hindered by both the compensation that can occur after chronic loss of the core plasticity molecules and by ex vivo conditions that may not reproduce in vivo plasticity. Here we describe a novel method to rapidly suppress gene expression by ...
    ATAC-seq on Sorted Adult Mouse Neurons
    Authors:  Erin A. Clark, Yasuyuki Shima and Sacha Nelson, date: 10/05/2019, view: 164, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Transcription regulation is a key aspect of cellular identity established during development and maintained into adulthood. Molecular and biochemical assays that probe the genome are critical tools in exploring mechanisms of transcription regulation and cell type identity. The mammalian brain is composed of a huge diversity of cell types with ...
    3D Organoid Formation from the Murine Salivary Gland Cell Line SIMS
    Authors:  Harleen K. Athwal and Isabelle M. A. Lombaert, date: 10/05/2019, view: 133, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Salivary glands consist of multiple phenotypically and functionally unique cell populations, such as the acinar, ductal, and myoepithelial cells that help produce, modify, and secrete saliva (Lombaert et al., 2011). Identification of mechanisms and factors that regulate these populations has been of key interest, as salivary gland-related ...
    An Operant Conditioning Task to Assess the Choice between Wheel Running and Palatable Food in Mice
    Authors:  Bastien Redon, Imane Hurel, Giovanni Marsicano and Francis Chaouloff, date: 10/05/2019, view: 194, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Wheel running, especially in the homecage, has been widely used to study the neurobiology of exercise because animal tends to use it voluntarily. However, as for each reward, its consumption (in the present case, running performance) does not specifically provide information on its incentive value, i.e., the extent to which animals are ...
    Reconstituting Breast Tissue with Organotypic Three-dimensional Co-culture of Epithelial and Stromal Cells in Discontinuous Extracellular Matrices
    Authors:  Gang Ren, Vandana Sharma, Joshua Letson, Yashna Walia, Veani Fernando and Saori Furuta, date: 10/05/2019, view: 180, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Co-culture systems utilizing reconstituted or synthetic extracellular matrix (ECM) and micropatterning techniques have enabled the reconstruction of surface epithelial tissues. This technique has been utilized in the regeneration, disease modeling and drug screening of the surface epithelia, such as the skin and esophagus. On the other hand, the ...
    Imaging the Vasculature of Immunodeficient Mice Using Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose Labeled Human Erythrocytes
    Authors:  Shaowei Wang and Jung W. Choi, date: 10/05/2019, view: 99, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Nuclear blood pool imaging using radiolabeled red blood cells has been used in the clinical setting for the evaluation of a number of medical conditions including gastrointestinal hemorrhage, impaired cardiac contractility, and altered cerebrovascular blood flow. Nuclear blood pool imaging is typically performed using Technetium-99m-labeled (99m ...
    A Novel Protocol to Generate Decellularized Bovine Spinal Cord Extracellular Matrix-based Scaffolds (3D-dCBS)
    Authors:  Yavuz E. Arslan, Burcu Efe and Tugba Sezgin Arslan, date: 10/05/2019, view: 132, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Extracellular matrix (ECM)-based tissue engineering scaffolds have an essential role in promoting tissue regeneration. Nerve tissue engineering aims at facilitating the repair of permanent damage to the peripheral and central nervous systems, which are difficult to heal. For this purpose, a variety of biomaterials are being developed consisting of ...
    Simple Protocol for Distinguishing Drug-induced Effects on Spatial Memory Acquisition, Consolidation and Retrieval in Mice Using the Morris Water Maze
    Authors:  Ariel K. Frame, Asad Lone, Richard A. Harris and Robert C. Cumming, date: 09/20/2019, view: 187, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The Morris water maze (MWM) is one of the most commonly used tests for assessing spatial learning and memory in mice. While the MWM is highly amenable to testing the effects of memory modifying drugs, most studies do not consider the timing or duration of drug exposure when conducting the MWM assay; factors that can strongly influence the effect ...



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