Molecular Biology

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    Analysis of DNA Exchange Using Thymidine Analogs (ADExTA) in Trypanosoma cruzi
    [Abstract] Trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan parasite belonging to the Trypanosomatidae family. Although the trypanosomatids multiply predominantly by clonal generation, the presence of DNA exchange in some of them has been puzzling researchers over the years, mainly because it may represent a novel form that these organisms use to gain variability. ...
    Direct Visualization of the Multicopy Chromosomes in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942
    Authors:  Ryudo Ohbayashi, Hirofumi Yoshikawa and Satoru Watanabe, date: 08/05/2018, view: 1535, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Cyanobacteria are prokaryotic organisms that carry out oxygenic photosynthesis. The fresh water cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 is a model organism for the study of photosynthesis and gene regulation, and for biotechnological applications. Besides several freshwater cyanobacteria, S. elongatus 7942 also contains ...
    TUNEL Assay to Assess Extent of DNA Fragmentation and Programmed Cell Death in Root Cells under Various Stress Conditions
    Authors:  Amit K. Tripathi, Ashwani Pareek and Sneh Lata Singla-Pareek, date: 08/20/2017, view: 6565, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] DNA damage is one of the common consequences of exposure to various stress conditions. Different methods have been developed to accurately assess DNA damage and fragmentation in cells and tissues exposed to different stress agents. However, owing to the presence of firm cellulosic cell wall and phenolics, plant cells and tissues are not easily ...
    Modification of 3’ Terminal Ends of DNA and RNA Using DNA Polymerase θ Terminal Transferase Activity
    Authors:  Trung M. Hoang, Tatiana Kent and Richard T. Pomerantz, date: 06/20/2017, view: 4453, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] DNA polymerase θ (Polθ) is a promiscuous enzyme that is essential for the error-prone DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair pathway called alternative end-joining (alt-EJ). During this form of DSB repair, Polθ performs terminal transferase activity at the 3’ termini of resected DSBs via templated and non-templated nucleotide addition cycles. Since ...
    Single-molecule Analysis of DNA Replication Dynamics in Budding Yeast and Human Cells by DNA Combing
    Authors:  Hélène Tourrière, Julie Saksouk, Armelle Lengronne and Philippe Pasero , date: 06/05/2017, view: 6572, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The DNA combing method allows the analysis of DNA replication at the level of individual DNA molecules stretched along silane-coated glass coverslips. Before DNA extraction, ongoing DNA synthesis is labeled with halogenated analogues of thymidine. Replication tracks are visualized by immunofluorescence using specific antibodies. Unlike biochemical ...
    Detection of the Cell Proliferation Zone in Leaves by Using EdU
    Authors:  Hokuto Nakayama, Kensuke Kawade, Hirokazu Tsukaya and Seisuke Kimura, date: 09/20/2015, view: 5245, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Visualization of nuclei in S-phase cells in tissues is important for not only cell cycle research but also developmental research because morphogenesis is usually achieved by a combination of cell proliferation and cell expansion. Recently, DNA labeling with 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine (EdU), which is an analog of thymidine, has been used to ...
    DNA in situ Hybridizations for VEGFA Gene Locus (6p12) in Human Tumor Tissue
    [Abstract] Over the last decades numerous regulators of angiogenesis have been identified and characterized. Among the others the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA) appears undoubtedly important in several pathophysiological processes. Moreover, VEGFA represents one of the most attractive targets of anticancer therapy, given its major role in the ...
    TUNEL Assay in Kiwifruit Stigmatic Arms
    [Abstract] Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL) is a method for detecting DNA fragmentation by labelling the 3' terminal end of nucleic acids. This method can be used both in animal and plant tissues. In animal tissues, the use of Proteinase K is sufficient for permeabilizing the cells and to obtain optimal ...
    In vitro DNA Polymerization Activity Assay Using Cell-free Extracts
    Authors:  Anurag K. Sinha and Malay K. Ray, date: 08/20/2014, view: 5599, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] This protocol has been designed to measure the in-vitro DNA polymerization activity in crude cell extracts of the Antarctic bacterium Pseudomonas syrinagae Lz4W. This bacterium can grow at 4 °C with optimum growth rate at 22 °C. The slow growth rate of the bacterium observed at low temperature (4 °C) compared to higher ...
    Plant Sequence Capture Optimised for Illumina Sequencing
    Authors:  Axel Himmelbach, Manuela Knauft and Nils Stein, date: 07/05/2014, view: 10289, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Plant Sequence Capture is used for targeted resequencing of whole exomes (all exons of a genome) of complex genomes e.g. barley and its relatives (Mascher et al., 2013). Sequencing and computing costs are significantly reduced since only the greatly enriched and gene-coding part of the barley genome is targeted, that corresponds ...



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