Cell Biology

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    A Flow Cytometric Method to Determine Transfection Efficiency
    [Abstract] Mammalian cell transfection is a powerful technique commonly used in molecular biology to express exogenous DNA or RNA in cells and study gene and protein function. Although several transfection strategies have been developed, there is a wide variation with regards to transfection efficiency, cell toxicity and reproducibility. Thus, a sensitive ...
    HIVGKO: A Tool to Assess HIV-1 Latency Reversal Agents in Human Primary CD4+ T Cells
    Authors:  Emilie Battivelli and Eric Verdin, date: 10/20/2018, view: 3251, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] While able to suppress HIV replication in HIV infected individuals, combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) fails to eliminate viral latent reservoir, which consists in integrated transcriptional silenced HIV provirus. So far, identification of latently-infected cells has relied on activating cells to induce expression of HIV proteins which can ...
    Analysis of the Effect of Sphingomyelinase on Rubella Virus Infectivity in Two Cell Lines
    Authors:  Noriyuki Otsuki, Masafumi Sakata, Yoshio Mori, Kiyoko Okamoto and Makoto Takeda, date: 09/05/2018, view: 2709, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Rubella is a mildly contagious disease characterized by low-grade fever and a morbilliform rash caused by the rubella virus (RuV). Viruses often use cellular phospholipids for infection. We studied the roles of cellular sphingomyelin in RuV infection. Treatment of cells with sphingomyelinase (SMase) inhibited RuV infection in rabbit kidney-derived ...
    Virucidal and Neutralizing Activity Tests for Antiviral Substances and Antibodies
    Authors:  Chie Aoki-Utsubo, Ming Chen and Hak Hotta, date: 05/20/2018, view: 6474, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] In a narrow definition, virucidal activity represents the activity by which to interact with and physically disrupt viral particles. In a broad definition, it includes the activity by which to functionally inhibit (neutralize) viral infectivity without apparent morphological alterations of the viral particles. The viral infectivity can be measured ...
    In vitro Assay to Assess Efficacy of Potential Antiviral Compounds against Enterovirus D68
    Authors:  Liang Sun, Leen Delang, Carmen Mirabelli and Johan Neyts, date: 03/20/2017, view: 6364, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] In 2014 enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) caused the largest outbreak in the United States since the discovery of the virus. Distinct from before, the 2014 infections were associated with more severe respiratory disease and occasional neurological complications. So far, there are no available vaccines or antivirals for the prophylaxis or treatment of ...



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