Neuroscience

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Probe-Seq: Method for RNA Sequencing of Specific Cell Types from Animal Tissue
    Most organs and tissues are composed of many types of cells. To characterize cellular state, various transcription profiling approaches are currently available, including whole-tissue bulk RNA sequencing, single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq), and ...
    Long-term Devocalization of Zebra Finches
    Authors:  Yunbok Kim, Daisuke Mizuguchi and Satoshi Kojima, date: 09/20/2020, view: 102, Q&A: 0
    Songbirds, such as the zebra finch, are a popular animal model for studying the neural basis of vocal and complex skill learning. Adult male zebra finches produce courtship song toward females (referred to as ‘directed song’) and recording and ...
    In vitro AMPylation/Adenylylation of Alpha-synuclein by HYPE/FICD
    Authors:  Ali Camara, Anwesha Sanyal, Sayan Dutta, Jean-Christophe Rochet and Seema Mattoo, date: 09/20/2020, view: 83, Q&A: 0
    One of the major histopathological hallmarks of Parkinson’s disease are Lewy bodies (LBs) –cytoplasmic inclusions, enriched with fibrillar forms of the presynaptic protein alpha-synuclein (α-syn). Progressive deposition of α-syn into LBs is enabled ...
    Probe-Seq: Method for RNA Sequencing of Specific Cell Types from Animal Tissue
    [Abstract] Most organs and tissues are composed of many types of cells. To characterize cellular state, various transcription profiling approaches are currently available, including whole-tissue bulk RNA sequencing, single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq), and cell type-specific RNA sequencing. What is missing in this repertoire is a simple, versatile method ...
    Long-term Devocalization of Zebra Finches
    Authors:  Yunbok Kim, Daisuke Mizuguchi and Satoshi Kojima, date: 09/20/2020, view: 102, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Songbirds, such as the zebra finch, are a popular animal model for studying the neural basis of vocal and complex skill learning. Adult male zebra finches produce courtship song toward females (referred to as ‘directed song’) and recording and analyzing sounds of directed song along with underlying neural activity is important for investigating ...
    In vitro AMPylation/Adenylylation of Alpha-synuclein by HYPE/FICD
    Authors:  Ali Camara, Anwesha Sanyal, Sayan Dutta, Jean-Christophe Rochet and Seema Mattoo, date: 09/20/2020, view: 83, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] One of the major histopathological hallmarks of Parkinson’s disease are Lewy bodies (LBs) –cytoplasmic inclusions, enriched with fibrillar forms of the presynaptic protein alpha-synuclein (α-syn). Progressive deposition of α-syn into LBs is enabled by its propensity to fibrillize into insoluble aggregates. We recently described a marked reduction ...
    The Peak Interval Procedure in Rodents: A Tool for Studying the Neurobiological Basis of Interval Timing and Its Alterations in Models of Human Disease
    Authors:  Fuat Balcı and David Freestone, date: 09/05/2020, view: 376, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Animals keep track of time intervals in the seconds to minutes range with, on average, high accuracy but substantial trial-to-trial variability. The ability to detect the statistical signatures of such timing behavior is an indispensable feature of a good and theoretically-tractable testing procedure. A widely used interval timing procedure is the ...
    Identification of Socially-activated Neurons
    Authors:  Mary L. Phillips and Lucas Pozzo-Miller, date: 09/05/2020, view: 492, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Determining the neuronal circuitry responsible for specific behaviors is a major focus in the field of neurobiology. Activity-dependent immediate early genes (IEGs), transcribed and translated shortly after neurons discharge action potentials, have been used extensively to either identify or gain genetic access to neurons and brain regions ...
    Measuring Breathing Patterns in Mice Using Whole-body Plethysmography
    [Abstract] Respiratory dysfunction is among the main cause of severe and fatal pathologies worldwide. The use of effective experimental models and methodologies for the study of the pulmonary pathophysiology is necessary to prevent, control and cure these diseases. Plethysmography, a technique for the assessment of lung function, has been widely applied in ...
    Integration of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (hiPSC)-Derived Neurons into Rat Brain
    Authors:  Xiling Yin, Ted M. Dawson and Valina L. Dawson, date: 09/05/2020, view: 665, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Human neuron transplantation offers novel opportunities for modeling human neurologic diseases and potentially replacement therapies. However, the complex structure of the human cerebral cortex, which is organized in six layers with tightly interconnected excitatory and inhibitory neuronal networks, presents significant challenges for in vivo ...
    Karyopherin-β2 Inhibits and Reverses Aggregation and Liquid-liquid Phase Separation of the ALS/FTD-Associated Protein FUS
    Authors:  Emma Robinson, James Shorter and Lin Guo, date: 08/20/2020, view: 776, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The study of RNA-binding proteins (RBP) offers insight into the mechanisms of pathologic protein aggregation in neurodegenerative diseases. We developed a protocol for purifying an RBP FUS and a nuclear import receptor (NIR) Kapβ2 and testing the ability of Kapβ2 to mitigate FUS aggregation and liquid-liquid phase separation.
    Assessing Gαq/15-signaling with IP-One: Single Plate Transfection and Assay Protocol for Cell-Based High-Throughput Assay
    [Abstract] Cell-based functional assays are an important part of compound screening and drug lead optimization, and they can also play a crucial role in the determination of the residues involved in ligand binding and signaling for a particular G-protein-coupled receptor. Conventional methods used for Gαq/15-coupled receptors rely on the use of ...
    Sequential Reaching Task for the Study of Motor Skills in Monkeys
    Authors:  Machiko Ohbayashi and Nathalie Picard, date: 08/20/2020, view: 434, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The ability to perform a sequence of movements is a key component of motor skills, such as typing or playing a musical instrument. How the brain binds elementary movements together into meaningful actions has been a topic of much interest. Here, we describe two sequential reaching tasks that we use to investigate the neural substrate of skilled ...



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