Developmental Biology


    In situ Hybridization of miRNAs in Human Embryonic Kidney and Human Pluripotent Stem Cell-derived Kidney Organoids
    Authors:  Filipa M. Lopes, Susan J. Kimber and Ioannis Bantounas, date: 09/05/2021, view: 356, Q&A: 0

    MicroRNAs are small RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression and play an important role in fine-tuning molecular pathways during development. There is increasing interest in studying their function in the kidney, but the majority of studies to

    Isolation of Myofibres and Culture of Muscle Stem Cells from Adult Zebrafish
    Authors:  Massimo Ganassi, Peter S. Zammit and Simon M. Hughes, date: 09/05/2021, view: 1150, Q&A: 0

    Skeletal muscles generate force throughout life and require maintenance and repair to ensure efficiency. The population of resident muscle stem cells (MuSCs), termed satellite cells, dwells beneath the basal lamina of adult myofibres and contributes

    Direct-TRI: High-throughput RNA-extracting Method for all Stages of Zebrafish Development
    Authors:  Kota Ujibe, Kanako Nishimura, Makoto Kashima and Hiromi Hirata, date: 09/05/2021, view: 419, Q&A: 0

    Recent popularization of next-generation sequencing enables conducting easy transcriptome analysis. Nevertheless, substantial RNA isolation work prior to RNA sequencing, as well as the high cost involved, still makes the routine use of large-scale

    Preparation of Zygotes and Embryos of the Kelp Saccharina latissima for Cell Biology Approaches
    Authors:  Ioannis Theodorou, Hilde-Gunn Opsahl-Sorteberg and Bénédicte Charrier, date: 08/20/2021, view: 166, Q&A: 0

    Embryogenesis and early development in kelps are poorly studied and understood. Cultivation protocols focus mostly either on the preparation of large volumes of vegetative gametophytes or on the production of conspicuous juvenile sporophytes as

    Preparation of Drosophila Larval Blood Cells for Single-cell RNA Sequencing
    Authors:  Sudhir Gopal Tattikota and Norbert Perrimon, date: 08/20/2021, view: 467, Q&A: 0

    Recent advances in single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) technologies provide unprecedented opportunities to identify new cell types and characterize cell states. One of the most important requirements for performing scRNA-seq is to obtain

    Measuring DNA Damage Using the Alkaline Comet Assay in Cultured Cells
    Authors:  Elena Clementi, Zuzana Garajova and Enni Markkanen, date: 08/20/2021, view: 900, Q&A: 0

    Maintenance of DNA integrity is of pivotal importance for cells to circumvent detrimental processes that can ultimately lead to the development of various diseases. In the face of a plethora of endogenous and exogenous DNA-damaging agents, cells

    A Genetically Engineered Mouse Model of Venous Anomaly and Retinal Angioma-like Vascular Malformation
    Authors:  Xudong Cao, Beibei Xu, Xiao Li, Taotao Li and Yulong He, date: 08/05/2021, view: 747, Q&A: 0

    Characterization of key regulators in vein development will advance our understanding of mechanisms underlying venous anomalies and provide therapeutic targets for the treatment of vascular malformations. Here, we provide a detailed protocol for the

    Fe-NTA Microcolumn Purification of Phosphopeptides from Immunoprecipitation (IP) Eluates for Mass Spectrometry Analysis
    Authors:  Ethan J. Sanford and Marcus B. Smolka, date: 08/05/2021, view: 492, Q&A: 0

    Protein phosphorylation is a nearly universal signaling mechanism. To date, a number of proteomics tools have been developed to analyze phosphorylation. Phosphoproteome-wide analyses using whole cell extracts suffer from incomplete coverage, often

    Mouse Periosteal Cell Culture, in vitro Differentiation, and in vivo Transplantation in Tibial Fractures

    The periosteum covering the outer surface of bone contains skeletal stem/progenitor cells that can efficiently form cartilage and bone during bone repair. Several methods have been described to isolate periosteal cells based on bone scraping and/or

    Isolation and in vitro Culture of Mouse Oocytes
    Authors:  Jessica Greaney, Goutham Narayanan Subramanian, Yunan Ye and Hayden Homer, date: 08/05/2021, view: 855, Q&A: 0

    Females are endowed at birth with a fixed reserve of oocytes, which declines both in quantity and quality with advancing age. Understanding the molecular mechanisms regulating oocyte quality is crucial for improving the chances of pregnancy success


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