Neuroscience

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Simple Protocol for Distinguishing Drug-induced Effects on Spatial Memory Acquisition, Consolidation and Retrieval in Mice Using the Morris Water Maze
    Authors:  Ariel K. Frame, Asad Lone, Richard A. Harris and Robert C. Cumming, date: 09/20/2019, view: 52, Q&A: 0
    The Morris water maze (MWM) is one of the most commonly used tests for assessing spatial learning and memory in mice. While the MWM is highly amenable to testing the effects of memory modifying drugs, most studies do not consider the timing or ...
    Supported Cell Membrane Sheets to Monitor Protein Assembly
    Authors:  Simon Erlendsson, Thor Seneca Thorsen and Kenneth Lindegaard Madsen, date: 09/20/2019, view: 48, Q&A: 0
    Studying protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions in their native environment is highly desirable, yet, the heterogeneity and complexity of cellular systems limits the repertoire of experimental methods available. In cells, interactions are ...
    Sciatic Nerve Cut and Repair Using Fibrin Glue in Adult Mice
    Authors:  Erica T. Akhter, Travis M. Rotterman, Arthur W. English and Francisco J. Alvarez, date: 09/20/2019, view: 47, Q&A: 0
    Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is an excellent model for studying neural responses to injury and elucidating the mechanisms that can facilitate axon regeneration. As such, several animal models have been employed to study regenerative mechanisms ...
    Explant Culture of the Embryonic Mouse Spinal Cord and Gene Transfer by ex vivo Electroporation
    Developing axons change responsiveness to guidance cues during the journey to synapse with target cells. Axon crossing at the ventral midline serves as a model for studying how axons accomplish such a switch in their response. Although primary ...
    Simple Protocol for Distinguishing Drug-induced Effects on Spatial Memory Acquisition, Consolidation and Retrieval in Mice Using the Morris Water Maze
    Authors:  Ariel K. Frame, Asad Lone, Richard A. Harris and Robert C. Cumming, date: 09/20/2019, view: 52, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The Morris water maze (MWM) is one of the most commonly used tests for assessing spatial learning and memory in mice. While the MWM is highly amenable to testing the effects of memory modifying drugs, most studies do not consider the timing or duration of drug exposure when conducting the MWM assay; factors that can strongly influence the effect ...
    Supported Cell Membrane Sheets to Monitor Protein Assembly
    Authors:  Simon Erlendsson, Thor Seneca Thorsen and Kenneth Lindegaard Madsen, date: 09/20/2019, view: 48, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Studying protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions in their native environment is highly desirable, yet, the heterogeneity and complexity of cellular systems limits the repertoire of experimental methods available. In cells, interactions are often taking place in confined microenvironments where factors such as avidity, hindered diffusion, ...
    Sciatic Nerve Cut and Repair Using Fibrin Glue in Adult Mice
    Authors:  Erica T. Akhter, Travis M. Rotterman, Arthur W. English and Francisco J. Alvarez, date: 09/20/2019, view: 47, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is an excellent model for studying neural responses to injury and elucidating the mechanisms that can facilitate axon regeneration. As such, several animal models have been employed to study regenerative mechanisms after PNI, including Aplysia, zebrafish, rabbits, cats and rodents. This protocol describes how to ...
    Explant Culture of the Embryonic Mouse Spinal Cord and Gene Transfer by ex vivo Electroporation
    [Abstract] Developing axons change responsiveness to guidance cues during the journey to synapse with target cells. Axon crossing at the ventral midline serves as a model for studying how axons accomplish such a switch in their response. Although primary neuron culture has been a versatile technique for elucidating various developmental mechanisms, many in ...
    A High-throughput and Pathophysiologically Relevant Astrocyte-motor Neuron Co-culture Assay for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Therapeutic Discovery
    Authors:  Matthew J. Stopford, Scott P. Allen and Laura Ferraiuolo, date: 09/05/2019, view: 459, Q&A: 1
    [Abstract] Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an adult onset neurological disorder characterized by loss of motor neurons leading to progressive muscle wasting and eventually death. Astrocytes play a key role in disease pathogenesis. However, the ability to study astrocytic support towards motor neurons in ALS has been limited by a lack of sustainable ...
    Co-culture of Human Stem Cell Derived Neurons and Oligodendrocyte Progenitor Cells
    Authors:  Stephanie Dooves, Aishwarya G. Nadadhur, Lisa Gasparotto and Vivi M. Heine, date: 09/05/2019, view: 369, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Crosstalk between neurons and oligodendrocytes is important for proper brain functioning. Multiple co-culture methods have been developed to study oligodendrocyte maturation, myelination or the effect of oligodendrocytes on neurons. However, most of these methods contain cells derived from animal models. In the current protocol, we co-culture ...
    A Novel Dual Lentiviral CRISPR-based Transcriptional Activation System for Gene Expression Regulation in Neurons
    Authors:  Katherine E. Savell, Faraz A. Sultan and Jeremy J. Day, date: 09/05/2019, view: 570, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Robust and efficient gene expression control enables the study of a gene’s function in the central nervous system. Advances in CRISPR-based technology provide new avenues not only for gene editing, but for complex transcriptional control. Here, we describe a protocol to generate high-titer lentiviruses with neuron-optimized CRISPR-activation ...
    Construction of Viral Vectors for Cell Type-specific CRISPR Gene Editing in the Adult Mouse Brain
    Authors:  Hiroshi Yamaguchi and Luis de Lecea, date: 08/20/2019, view: 460, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Recently developed gene editing technologies based on engineered CRISPR/Cas9 systems enables researchers to disrupt genes in a cell type-specific manner in the adult mouse brain. Using these technologies, we recently showed that the dopamine beta-hydroxylase gene in Locus Coeruleus (LC) norepinephrine neurons plays a vital role in the maintenance ...
    Cylinder Test to Assess Sensory-motor Function in a Mouse Model of Parkinson’s Disease
    [Abstract] Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder that happens due to the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. The deficiency of dopamine in the basal nuclei drives cardinal motor symptoms such as bradykinesia and hypokinesia. The current protocol describes the cylinder test, which is a relatively simple ...
    Whisker Nuisance Test: A Valuable Tool to Assess Tactile Hypersensitivity in Mice
    Authors:  Luigi Balasco, Gabriele Chelini, Yuri Bozzi and Giovanni Provenzano, date: 08/20/2019, view: 270, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Abnormal response to tactile stimulation, described as both hyper- and hypo-reactivity, is a common sensory impairment in multiple neuropsychiatric disorders. The neural bases of tactile sensitivity remain so far unknown. In the last years, animal studies have proven to be useful for shedding light on the cellular and molecular mechanism ...



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